Copying, Replicating & Emulating Paintings in the 15th–18th Centuries

Organizer: National Gallery of Denmark

21 - 22 May 2012

Inspired by the European project Tracing Bosch and Bruegel. Four Paintings Magnified (, this conference aims to explore how the art historical and technical examination of paintings in tandem can address key subjects, such as meaning, materials and manufacturing techniques, as well as be a catalyst for fresh perspectives on prevailing European workshop practices when copying, replicating and emulating paintings in the fifteenth to eighteenth centuries.

For conference updates see:



Techniques of Art History: Technical Art History

Organizer: Kadriorg Art Museum, Tallinn, Estonia

13 -14 May 2011


In 2011, the Kadriorg Art Museum’s Annual Spring Conference focuses on technical art history: a focus on objects!

The knowledge of how a work of art is made, what materials it consists of and its technical construction not only helps us to preserve works of art but often provides fruitful material in interpreting the work of art and in understanding artistic intentions.

The time that divides the origin of the object from the present, and the distance created between viewer and art object that the theory-ridden art historical approach often brings with it, create problems in understanding the object itself. Here, technical art history can function as a translator of a work of art for the contemporary audience.

The two-day conference coincides with the international research and exhibition project Tracing Bosch and Bruegel – Four Paintings Magnified.


Friday, 13th May

Chair: Dr. Ron Spronk
9:30 Registration
10:00 Greeting by Kadi Polli, the Director of the Kadriorg Art Museum
10:10-10:35 Introduction by Greta Koppel, Kadriorg Art Museum: Why approach the theme? Technical art history in Estonian art history practice
10:40-11:15 Dr. Jørgen Wadum, National Gallery of Denmark: Rembrandt or not? The Rembrandt research project at the National Gallery of Denmark
11:20-11:50 Dr. Erma Hermens, Glasgow University (UK): Unveiling the painting technique of James Whistler (1834–1903)
Chair: Dr. Jørgen Wadum
Mikkel Scharff, Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Conservation & Anne Haack Christensen, National Gallery of Denmark: 16th century underdrawings in two family trees of Queen Dorothea and Christian III
14:10-14:40 Ari Tanhuanpää, Finnish National Gallery: "As through so many veils" – Technical art history from a critical viewpoint
Coffee break
14:55-15.25 Hilkka Hiiop, Art Museum of Estonia: Samson and Delilah. The story of an Italian  painting
Discussion, moderated by Dr. Ron Spronk and Jørgen Wadum

Saturday, 14th May

9:30 Registration
10:00-10:05 Chair: Dr. Erma Hermens opens day 2 of the conference. Introduction to the theme of the day
10:00-10:20 Greta Koppel, Kadriorg Art Museum: Introduction of the research project "Tracing Bosch and Bruegel"
10:25-10:55 Dr. Matthijs Ilsink, Noordbrabants Museum (Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands):The Bosch research and conservation project (2010–2016)
Coffee break
11:15-11:45 Dr. Ron Spronk, Hieronymus Bosch Chair at Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (Professor of Art History at Queens University, Canada): The painting technique of Hieronymus Bosch under close inspection
11:50-12.20 Mikkel Scharff, Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Conservation: Animations and other techniques to visualize technical imaging and technical art history
13:50-15:45 Workshop "Expulsion of Money-lenders from the Temple", in the Conservation Department of the Art Museum of Estonia (Kumu building), chaired by Dr. Jørgen Wadum
13:55-14:15 Presentation 1: Alar Nurkse, Art Museum of Estonia: The Tallinn Bosch-Bruegel painting: Conservation and technical research on "Expulsion of Money-lenders from the Temple" at the Art Museum of Estonia
14:20-14:40 Presentation 2: Hannah Tempest, National Gallery of Denmark: The Copenhagen Bosch-Bruegel painting: Conservation and technical research on "Expulsion of Money-lenders from the Temple" at the National Gallery of Denmark.
14:45-15:00 Presentation 3: Dr. Erma Hermens, Glasgow University; Polly Smith, Glasgow Museums: 

The Glasgow Bosch painting: Technical research on the ‛Expulsion of Money-lenders from the Temple’ of the Glasgow Museums

Coffee break
           -15:45 Discussion

Speakers: Dr. Ron Spronk (NL), Dr. Matthijs Ilsink (NL), Dr. Erma Hermens (UK), Dr. Jørgen Wadum (DK), Mikkel Scharff (DK), Anne Haack Christensen (DK), Dr. Paul Vandenbroeck (BE), Bernard Vermet (NL), Polly Smith (UK), Alar Nurkse (EST), Hannah Tempest (DK/UK), Greta Koppel (EST).

Closing of the conference

Participation in the workshop is limited to 25, and therefore previous registration is required. Conference is free of charge.


Conservation blog

05. Apr 2012, Tallinn

Bosch and Bruegel film contest


  • Tallinn
  • Copenhagen
  • Glasgow